Country Profile


이라크 소개


OVERVIEW: The Shiite, Sunni and Kurdish people groups that compose the majority of modern-day Iraq have been in conflict with each other for centuries. In recent years, and especially at the hands of the self-proclaimed Islamic State (ISIS), tens of thousands of Christians have been forced to flee the country, leaving a small but bold and faithful remnant behind. For many of these Iraqi Christians, much of their day-to-day life is focused on survival and decisions about their future. After the 2014 ISIS invasion, Christians from around the region and around the world visited Iraq to bring relief and to encourage those who remained. Many have rejected Islam and become open to Christ for a variety of reasons, including the corruption and violence of both Sunnis (ISIS) and Shiites (Iraq’s new government, backed by Iran). These circumstances provide a unique window of opportunity to share the gospel with Iraqis searching for hope, truth and justice. Violence by ISIS has also led to a revival, as many traditional Christians have come to saving faith and become bold witnesses for Christ.

MAJOR RELIGION: Iraq’s population is divided between Shiite and Sunni Muslims. Iraq is home to the second-largest population of Shiite Muslims, after Iran. Iraq’s Christian population has suffered severely at the hands of Islamists, decreasing from more than 1.2 million to less than 300,000 as the country has suffered from continual war and instability since 2003.

PERSECUTOR: Christian converts from Islam are abused and rejected by their families. In addition, they may be killed or persecuted by tribe members, government authorities or extremist groups.

WHAT IT MEANS TO FOLLOW CHRIST IN IRAQ: Northern Iraq is still home to many Christians who have a degree of freedom to worship even though they are under Islamist threat. Christians in other parts of the nation—especially those who are converts from Islam—are under continual threat of violence, including abduction and murder.

ACCESS TO BIBLES: ISIS and other Islamist groups destroyed every copy of God’s Word that they found or captured, but because of the work of Bible societies and missions organizations, including VOM, more Bibles have been distributed since the rise of ISIS than destroyed. Today, the average Christian in Iraq can, with a bit of effort, find a copy of the Bible. Several formats are available, including audio Bibles and children’s Bibles.

VOM WORK: VOM distributes Bibles in several cities, including audio Bibles for the illiterate and Bibles in minority languages. Additionally, we support thousands of displaced Christians through local churches. Bible translation into minority Kurdish dialects is ongoing.


National Flag [ 국기 ]
이라크 | Iraq
Population [ 인구 ]
39,192,111 (July 2017 est.)
Ethnicity [ 인종 ]
Note: Other 5% (includes Turkmen, Yezidi, Shabak, Kaka’i, bedouin, Romani, Assyrian, Circassian, Sabaean-Mandaean, Persian). data is a 1987 government estimate; no more recent reliable numbers are available
Religion [ 종교 ]
Note: Christian 1% (includes Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant, Assyrian Church of the East). While there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, recent reporting indicates that the overall Christian population may have dropped by as much as 50% since the fall of the SADDAM Husayn regime in 2003, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon (2015 est.) 
Leader [ 지도자 ]

President Fuad MASUM (since 24 July 2014);

Government Type [ 정부형태 ]
Federal parliamentary republic
Legal System [ 법적 체제 ]
Mixed legal system of civil and Islamic law
Source [ 자료출처 ]

CIA World Factbook

Related Books [ 연관 서적 ]
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