Country Profile


About Philippines


BACKGROUND: The Philippines was a Spanish colony for 400 years, largely adopting the Catholicism of its Spanish colonizers. Most Filipinos are poor. In the Muslim-majority southern island region of Mindanao, where VOM works, there is a long-running conflict between Muslim groups and the government over the Muslims’ desire to form an independent Islamic state. Some areas and even entire islands in this region are extremely dangerous for non-Muslims.

MAJOR RELIGIONS: The Philippines is a majority Catholic Christian country. Many Muslims, Christians and animists live on Mindanao and surrounding islands, with Protestant churches scattered throughout the region.

PERSECUTOR: In the Mindanao region, Christians are targeted by both Muslim and communist rebels.


WHAT IT MEANS TO BE A CHRISTIAN IN THE PHILIPPINES: In the Mindanao region, attacks on Christians are sporadic and unpredictable, creating an environment of constant tension for Christians. When conflicts break out, government forces respond. In some areas, the government has ceded control to Islamists, and Christians in those areas areas have no rights. Churches are legal, and many Bible schools throughout the Mindanao region produce graduates who return to share the gospel in their local community.

ACCESS TO BIBLES: Bibles are available in cities, but they are expensive.

VOM WORK: VOM responds to attacks on Christians and provides tools and training for front-line workers.

National Flag [ 국기 ]
필리핀 국기 Philippines flag
Population [ 인구 ]
105,893,381 (July 2018 est.)
Ethnicity [ 인종 ]
  • Tagalog
  • Bisaya/Binisaya
  • Cebuano
  • Ilocano
  • Hiligaynon/Ilonggo
  • Bikol/Bicol
  • Waray
  • Other local ethnicity
  • Other foreign ethnicity
Note: Tagalog 28.1%, Bisaya/Binisaya 11.4%, Cebuano 9.9%, Ilocano 8.8%, Hiligaynon/Ilonggo 8.4%, Bikol/Bicol 6.8%, Waray 4%, other local ethnicity 26.1%, other foreign ethnicity .1% (2010 est.)
Religion [ 종교 ]
  • Roman Catholic
  • Protestant
  • Muslim
  • Tribal religions
  • Other
  • None
Note: Roman Catholic 80.6%, Protestant 8.2% (includes Philippine Council of Evangelical Churches 2.7%, National Council of Churches in the Philippines 1.2%, other Protestant 4.3%), Muslim 5.6%, tribal religions .2%, other 1.9%, none .1% (2010 est.)
Leader [ 지도자 ]

President Rodrigo DUTERTE (since 30 June 2016)

Government Type [ 정부형태 ]
Presidential republic
Legal System [ 법적 체제 ]
Source [ 자료출처 ]

CIA World Factbook

Related Books [ 연관 서적 ]