Country Profile


About Cuba


BACKGROUND: In the past year, the waning “spirit of the revolution” has been revived. Many have again become committed to the nationalist, communist ideology from the 1950s. Cubans remain poor, with the government involved in every aspect of life.

MAJOR RELIGIONS: Most Cubans are atheists. A significant number of Cubans engage in superstitious and spiritist practices. Including the Afro-Cuban religion of Santeria.

PERSECUTOR: The government systematically persecutes Christians.

WHAT IT MEANS TO BE A CHRISTIAN IN CUBA: Concern for its global reputation has caused the Cuban government to change tactics in regard to persecution. Christian leaders are often called into meetings with government officials or imprisoned for up to 48 hours to pressure them. Churches are demolished by hired gangs so the government can deny responsibility. Church buildings are seized, and no new church buildings have been built in the country since the revolution. Many believers meet in unsanctioned “house churches,” often extensions of the pastor’s home or shaded structures in the backyard. The church continues to grow through active evangelism, but some of the country’s estimated 1 million believers have never owned a Bible. Though no Christians are known to be imprisoned in Cuba, many are so closely watched by the government that they are effectively under house arrest. In addition, Christians are often denied jobs and educational opportunities.

cuba 2018

ACCESS TO BIBLES: Access is restricted. Two years ago, Cuba allowed the legal purchase and sale of Bibles only to members of the ecumenical Protestant church organization. There are no Christian book stores on the island. Bibles can cost up to a third of a worker’s monthly income, so most people can’t afford them. Distribution is also a challenge.

VOM WORK: VOM distributes Bibles and supports youth programs and evangelism.

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National Flag [ 국기 ]
쿠바 | CUBA flag
Population [ 인구 ]
11,147,407 (July 2017 est.)
Ethnicity [ 인종 ]
  • White
  • Mulatto or mixed
  • black
Note: data represent racial self-identification from Cuba’s 2012 national census (2012 est.)
Religion [ 종교 ]
  • Roman Catholic
  • Other
Note: Others include Protestant, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Jewish, Santeria (prior to CASTRO assuming power)
Leader [ 지도자 ]

President of the Council of State and President of the Council of Ministers Miguel DIAZ-CANEL Bermudez (since 19 April 2018);

Government Type [ 정부형태 ]
Communist state
Legal System [ 법적 체제 ]
Civil law system based on Spanish civil code
Source [ 자료출처 ]

CIA World Factbook

Related Books [ 연관 서적 ]
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