라오스 | Laos

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라오스 | Laos

라오스 소개

분류: 기독교 금지 국가  

국가 정보: 라오스는 동남아시아에서 가장 가난한 나라이다. 임금은 낮고 물가는 비싸다. 산업 분야가 전무하며, 국가 차원의 사회 기반 시설과 교육 제도 역시 취약하다. 이에 반해 관광 산업은 규모가 크며, 대규모 국제 마약 거래가 이루어지는 곳이기도 하다. 라오스에는 다양한 토착 부족 집단들이 있다.  

주요 종교: 라오스 국민 대부분이 자신을 불교도라 여기는데, 부족별 정령 신앙(애니미즘)이 혼합된 불교 형태를 믿고 있다.  

박해 실태: 대부분의 기독교인이 가족이나 마을 권력 계층에게 핍박을 받는다. 이들은 기독교가 정령들을 거스르고 있다고 우려한다. 간혹 중앙 정부가 기독교인을 핍박하는 경우가 있는데, 이 같은 사례가 점차 늘어나는 추세이다.  

라오스 기독교인의 : 라오스 사람들은 기독교를 미국 종교 혹은 CIA의 꼭두각시 쯤으로 여긴다. 또한, 그들은 자신들이 믿는 정령이 기독교 때문에 노한다고 믿는다. 가정 교회도 있고 예배당을 지닌 교회도 있지만, 제대로 훈련받은 목회자를 찾기가 힘들며 학교 교육도 거의 받지 못한 목회자가 대부분이다. 보통 지역 사회에서 가장 부유하거나 나이가 많은 사람이 교회 지도자 역할을 맡고 있다. 대다수 마을은 교회 건축을 허용하지 않는다. 어떤 가정 교회가 성장하고 있다는 사실을 알아차리면, 마을 지도자들은 어떻게든 이를 막으려 애를 쓴다. 기독교인들은 돈을 벌일 가족을 부양하기가 어렵다. 일자리 대부분을 정부가 공급하기 때문에 일자리를 얻는 것 자체가 대개 쉽지 않기 때문이다. 기독교인들은 병원 치료, 교육, 복지 혜택을 거부당하는 경우가 흔하다. 라오스에는 공식적으로 알려진 신학교가 없다. ‘라오 복음 교회(Lao Evangelical Church)’가 정부에서 승인한 유일한 교회이다. 라오스 기독교인들은 종종 체포되어 일주일까지 구금되곤 한다. 더 긴 시간 구금되는 경우는 점점 줄어들고 있다.

성경 근접성: 성경이 서점에서 판매되지는 않는다. 라오 복음 교회에서 성경을 판매하며, 다른 기관들도 법적 허가를 받아 성경을 들여온다. 국경을 넘어올 때 성경을 한두 권 가져오는 것은 괜찮으나 대량으로 들여오거나 다량으로 배포하는 경우는 문제가 된다.   

순교자의 소리 사역: 성경을 보급하고 기독교 서적들을 출판하며 성경 및 기독교 자료들, 특히 소수 민족의 언어로 된 담긴 오디오 장비를 공급한다. 또한, 핍박받는 기독교인을 지원하고 있다. 거주지에서 쫓겨난 사람들을 이주시키고, 음식과 긴급한 필수품을 공급하며, 경우에 따라 추가 지원을 하기도 한다.  

About Laos

DESIGNATION: Restricted

BACKGROUND: Laos is the poorest country in Southeast Asia. Wages are low and goods are expensive. There is no industrial sector, and the country’s infrastructure and education system are weak. There is, however, a large tourist industry. Laos has a substantial drug trade and is home to dozens of people groups.

MAJOR RELIGIONS: Most Laotians consider themselves Buddhist, but they practice a syncretistic version of Buddhism mixed with tribal animism.

PERSECUTOR: Most believers are persecuted by family members or village authorities who are concerned that Christianity offends the spirits. The central government persecutes Christians occasionally, but there are signs that this is improving.

WHAT IT MEANS TO BE A CHRISTIAN IN LAOS: Christianity is viewed as an American religion or as a tool of the CIA. Laotians also believe Christians anger the spirits. House churches and church buildings exist, but the vast majority do not have a trained pastor. Most pastors have little schooling. The church leader is typically the oldest or wealthiest person in the community. In most villages, no church buildings are allowed. If village leaders notice that a house church is growing, they will try to stop it. Christians have difficulty providing for themselves and their family. They often are unable to get jobs, most of which are through the government. Christians commonly are denied medical treatment, education and other social services. There are no open Bible schools in the country. The Lao Evangelical Church (LEC) is the only government-recognized church. Lao believers are often arrested and held for up to a week. Longer periods of imprisonment are becoming less common.

ACCESS TO BIBLES: Bibles are not sold in book stores. LEC churches sell Bibles, and other organizations bring Bibles in with legal permission. It’s not a problem to bring one or two Bibles across the border, but Christians encounter problems when they bring in large amounts of Bibles or distribute Bibles in larger numbers.

VOM WORK: VOM distributes Bibles, prints literature and provides audio devices loaded with Scripture and other Christian materials, particularly in minority languages. VOM also provides persecution response. We relocate evicted families, provide food and other immediate needs, and provide additional help on a case-by-case basis.

National Flag [ 국기 ]
Population [ 인구 ]
7,126,706 (July 2017 est.)

country comparison to the world:  101

Ethnicity [ 인종 ]
  • Lao
  • Khmou
  • Hmong
  • Phouthay
  • Tai
  • Makong
  • Katong
  • Lue
  • Akha
  • other
Religion [ 종교 ]
  • Buddhist
  • Christian
  • none
  • other/not stated

Leader
President BOUNNYANG Vorachit (since 20 April 2016); Vice President PHANKHAM Viphavan (since 20 April 2016)

Government type
Civil law system similar in form to the French system

Legal system
Civil law system similar in form to the French system

Source: CIA World Factbook

Leader [ 지도자 ]

모하메드 압둘라히 파르마조 (2017년 2월 8일 선출)

President Mohamed ABDULLAHI Mohamed “Farmaajo” (since 8 February 2017)

Government Type [ 정부형태 ]

연방 의회 공화국
Federal parliamentary republic

Legal System [ 법적 체제 ]

민법, 이슬람 법 및 관습법 혼합 법 제도 (Xeer라고 함)

Mixed legal system of civil law, Islamic law, and customary law (referred to as Xeer)

Source [ 자료출처 ]

CIA World Factbook

연관 서적