Country Profile


About Turkey


OVERVIEW: Despite the central role of Turkey’s church in the New Testament, evangelical believers today number only in the thousands in this highly gospel-resistant, Islamic country of more than 80 million. Turks are proud of their country, which has rapidly industrialized and modernized. Yet their love for country is so fused with their love of Islam that it is assumed that all Turks are Muslim, and it is inconceivable for a Turk to be a Christian. Christians are often characterized in the Turkish press as western imports who don’t belong. By God’s grace, Christians still have some degree of freedom to worship together. Efforts have been underway for many years to strengthen and mature the leadership of the few Turkish churches, and Turkish believers boldly use all major media platforms to share the gospel with their fellow Turks. Ongoing changes to Turkey’s system of government, which includes growing Islamist sentiment, will likely increase the pressure on the small Christian community.

MAJOR RELIGIONS: 96 percent of Turks are proud Sunni Muslims and hold the faith as a core part of their nationalist identity, even if they aren’t devout. Less than 1 percent of Turks are Christians. 

PERSECUTOR: Believers face a range of challenges, most often from family, but extending to neighbors, employers and the government.

WHAT IT MEANS TO BE A CHRISTIAN IN TURKEY: Pastors have been targeted in sophisticated assassination plots. In 2007, two Turkish believers and a missionary were brutally murdered. After a 12-year legal process, the five killers were sentenced to life in prison. However, many believe the organizers behind the murders were not held accountable. There is a huge stigma against becoming a Christian in Turkey, and Christian converts from Islam face stiff opposition from all sides. Believers face opposition from their families, communities and government. Many believers lose housing and jobs.

ACCESS TO BIBLES: Bibles can be legally printed in the country, but there are few distribution points. Many churches are involved in Bible distribution. However, Christians in remote areas of Turkey have less access to Bibles.

VOM WORK: VOM responds to persecution, distributes Bibles and works with local churches to support and encourage their efforts throughout Turkey.

National Flag [ 국기 ]
Turkey Flag
Population [ 인구 ]
81,257,239 (July 2018 est.)
Ethnicity [ 인종 ]
Note: 2016 est.
Religion [ 종교 ]
Note: Muslim (mostly Sunni), Other (mostly Christians and Jews)
Leader [ 지도자 ]

President Recep Tayyip ERDOGAN (since 10 August 2014);

Government Type [ 정부형태 ]
Parliamentary republic
Legal System [ 법적 체제 ]
Source [ 자료출처 ]

CIA World Factbook

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