Country Profile


About Tanzania


BACKGROUND: This former German and British colony in East Africa has a history of Christianity and today has many Protestant churches. The government protects Christians from persecution. Semi-autonomous Zanzibar Island has a different culture and history along with a distinct Arab influence.

MAJOR RELIGIONS:The population is about half Christian and half Muslim, but only about 8 percent of the Christian population attends church. Zanzibar and Mafia Island are 99 percent Muslim.

Christians are persecuted by community members in Muslim-majority areas, such as the eastern coast, the islands and  far western areas. Pastors and evangelists who reach out to traditional tribal groups, such as the Maasai, also experience persecution. Radical groups from Somalia also operate in coastal areas.

Christians can freely practice their faith but are oppressed and harassed in predominantly Muslim areas. Persecution ranges from family pressure to violent threats to the burning of churches and homes. There has been a concerted effort to Islamize Tanzania. In Zanzibar, Christians face death threat and extreme harassment. On the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba, the local government is trying to close churches and force pastors to leave.

ACCESS TO BIBLES:Bibles are readily available but are too expensive for many Christians.
VOM WORK: VOM supports Christians who are attacked or rejected because of their faith and trains pastors in areas of high persecution. We also provide Bibles to believers.

National Flag [ 국기 ]
Population [ 인구 ]
55,451,343 (July 2018 est.)
Ethnicity [ 인종 ]
  • African
  • other
mainland – African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar – Arab, African, mixed Arab and African
Religion [ 종교 ]
  • Christian
  • Muslim
  • Folk religion
  • Other
  • Unaffiliated
Christian 61.4%, Muslim 35.2%, folk religion 1.8%, other 0.2%, unaffiliated 1.4% (2010 est.)

note: Zanzibar is almost entirely Muslim

Leader [ 지도자 ]

President John MAGUFULI, Dr. (since 5 November 2015)

Government Type [ 정부형태 ]
presidential republic
Legal System [ 법적 체제 ]
English common law; judicial review of legislative acts limited to matters of interpretation
Source [ 자료출처 ]

CIA World Factbook

Related Books [ 연관 서적 ]