BACKGROUND: Eritrea suffered a 30-year civil war after its annexation by Ethiopia in 1962. The conflict was resolved in
1991 when Eritrean rebels defeated Ethiopian government forces. Located on the Red Sea, Eritrea practices a form of old world communism: the government controls everything. It is one of the most secretive and isolated nations in the world. The country faces drought and food insecurity. All males
are required by law to serve in the military. Because of this, many young men flee the country.
MAJOR RELIGIONS: e population is evenly divided between Christianity and Islam.
PERSECUTOR: The authoritarian government arrests, imprisons and harasses Christians.