Bhutan

Country Profile

Bhutan

About Bhutan

DESIGNATION: Restricted

OVERVIEW: Until the 1980s, Bhutan was largely isolated from the rest of the world by its Himalayan geography, poor infrastructure and poor international relations. In 2008 the country adopted a multiparty constitutional democracy and implemented a new constitution that officially protects freedom of religion. Most Christians in Bhutan are of Nepali heritage; however, believers are focused on reaching ethnic Bhutanese people with the message of Christ. The few Bhutanese Christian leaders in the country are focusing on biblical and ministerial studies.

MAJOR RELIGION: Tibetan Buddhism.

PERSECUTOR: Christians are persecuted by local authorities.

WHAT IT MEANS TO BE A CHRISTIAN IN BHUTAN:

Christians make up only about 1.5 percent of the population. The king is considered to be the defender of the Buddhist faith. The government works covertly to discourage the spread of Christianity. Christians are viewed as followers of a Western religion. There are no church buildings in Bhutan. Christians often lose their jobs, are passed over for jobs or are not able to find jobs because of their faith. Many Christians must practice their faith in secret — burying their dead at night or deep in the forest in hidden locations and praying in public with eyes open to avoid attention.

ACCESS TO BIBLES: Though small numbers of Bibles are allowed into the nation through legal means, the government has worked for decades to restrict widespread distribution. Bibles are smuggled into the country mostly from India.

VOM WORK: VOM provides Bibles and discipleship resources. We are also assisting students who will serve as local church leaders.

National Flag [ 국기 ]
Population [ 인구 ]
758,288 (July 2017 est.)
Ethnicity [ 인종 ]
  • Ngalop (also known as Bhote)
  • Ethnic Nepalese (includes Lhotsampas - one of several Nepalese ethnic groups)
  • Indigenous or migrant tribes
Religion [ 종교 ]
  • Lamaistic Buddhist
  • Indian-and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism
  • Other
Leader [ 지도자 ]

King Jigme Khesar Namgyel WANGCHUCK (since 14 December 2006); note – King Jigme Singye WANGCHUCK abdicated the throne on 14 December 2006 to his son

Government Type [ 정부형태 ]
Constitutional monarchy
Legal System [ 법적 체제 ]
Civil law based on Buddhist religious law
Source [ 자료출처 ]

VOM 2020 Global Prayer Guide,
CIA World Factbook

Related Books [ 연관 서적 ]
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