Country Profile


About Vietnam


BACKGROUND: Vietnam has a repressive, communist government. Other than major cities, the country has poor infrastructure, with some mountainous areas completely lacking roads. The national government provides schooling in the Vietnamese language, but not in various tribal languages found throughout Vietnam. The country suffers from high unemployment.

MAJOR RELIGIONS: Most Vietnamese practice ancestor worship, but many also practice a syncretistic blend of Buddhism and ancestor worship.

PERSECUTOR: Local authorities persecute Christians in rural areas, and members of tribal groups are not allowed to leave their traditional religion. Christian converts are also persecuted by family members.

WHAT IT MEANS TO BE A CHRISTIAN IN VIETNAM: New Christians are often evicted from their homes and villages, especially in tribal areas where local authorities exercise broad discretion. The government recognizes the Evangelical Church of Vietnam as well as churches aligned with the Assemblies of God and other denominations. Officially recognized churches are expected to report their activities and teachings to the government. All churches face government opposition when they evangelize outside church walls or attempt to conduct community events. Non-recognized churches, which cannot be officially registered, are in violation of the law. Within rural and tribal areas, existing believers can often meet openly, but new believers are targeted for harsh persecution. Christians are often denied social services, utilities and schooling in an attempt to pressure them to reject Christianity.   


ACCESS TO BIBLES: It is legal to own a Bible, but distribution is difficult in rural areas, especially in large quantities.

VOM WORK: VOM provides training for pastors and believers. We also distribute Bibles to tribal Christians and provide tools for front-line workers.

National Flag [ 국기 ]
Population [ 인구 ]
96,160,163 (July 2017 est.)
Ethnicity [ 인종 ]
  • Kinh (Viet)
  • Tay
  • Thai
  • Muong
  • Khmer
  • Mong
  • Nung
  • Hoa
  • Other
Note: 54 ethnic groups are recognized by the Vietnamese Government (2009 est.)
Religion [ 종교 ]
  • Buddhist
  • Catholic
  • Hoa Hao
  • Cao Dai
  • Protestant
  • Muslim
  • none
Note: (2009 est.)
Leader [ 지도자 ]

Acting President Dang Thi Ngoc THINH (since 21 September 2018); note – President Tran Dai QUANG (since 2 April 2016) died on 21 September 2018; the acting president serves until the Communist Party’s Central Committee chooses a new president, who must then be approved by the National Assembly

Government Type [ 정부형태 ]
Communist state
Legal System [ 법적 체제 ]
Civil law system;
Note – the civil code of 2005 reflects a European-style civil law
Source [ 자료출처 ]

CIA World Factbook

Related Books [ 연관 서적 ]