Malaysia

Country Profile

Malaysia

말레이시아 소개

DESIGNATION: Restricted

BACKGROUND: The population of this former British colony is highly educated and enjoys economic prosperity. The country includes three major ethnicities: Malay (60%), Chinese (30%) and indigenous people. Most Christians come from the indigenous groups. The Malays are the most powerful group in the country, and being Muslim is an important part of their identity. Half of the country is a thin peninsula stretching out from Southeast Asia, while the other half shares the island of Borneo with Indonesia.   

MAJOR RELIGIONS: Malaysia is a majority Muslim country, but it also has a significant Buddhist population.

PERSECUTOR: The government of Malaysia severely punishes anyone who leaves Islam.

MALAYSIA

WHAT IT MEANS TO BE A CHRISTIAN IN MALAYSIA: While Christianity is not illegal, Christians are marginalized by the ruling Muslim ethnic group and have difficulty acquiring building permits for new churches. Many churches work in the non-dominant languages of Mandarin, Tamil and English, but not in the Malay language. While there are some large churches in Malaysia, they are reluctant to evangelize for fear of government retaliation. There are no above-ground Malay churches, and it is illegal for Malays to convert to Christianity. Those who convert and are caught are confined to “reeducation camps” that use brainwashing techniques, torture and propaganda to force Christians to return to Islam. A small number of Malay believers worship in non-Malay churches, but it can cause problems for the church if they are discovered. Most Malay-background Christians keep their ethnicity a secret from their church. In Eastern Malaysia, which is separated from peninsular Malaysia and shares a border with Indonesia, there are many Christians among the indigenous people.

ACCESS TO BIBLES: It is illegal for Malay people to have a Bible. Bibles are not available in areas that are not dominated by Christians.

VOM WORK: VOM supports local Christian workers and helps Malay Christians.

National Flag [ 국기 ]
말레이시아 | Malaysia
Population [ 인구 ]
31,381,992 (July 2017 est.)
Ethnicity [ 인종 ]
  • Bumiputera
  • Chinese
  • Indian
  • Other
  • Non-citizens
Note: Bumiputera(Malays and indigenous peoples, including Orang Asli, Dayak, Anak Negeri) (2017 est.)
Religion [ 종교 ]
  • Muslim (official)
  • Buddhist
  • Christian
  • Hindu
  • Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions
  • Other
  • None
  • Unspecified
Note: Muslim (official) 61.3%, Buddhist 19.8%, Christian 9.2%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 1.3%, other 0.4%, none 0.8%, unspecified 1% (2010 est.)
Leader [ 지도자 ]

King MUHAMMAD V (formerly known as Tuanku Muhammad Faris Petra) (selected on 14 October 2016; installed on 13 December 2016); note – the position of the king is primarily ceremonial, but he is the final arbiter on the appointment of the prime minister

Government Type [ 정부형태 ]
Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Note: all Peninsular Malaysian states have hereditary rulers (commonly referred to as sultans) except Melaka (Malacca) and Pulau Pinang (Penang); those two states along with Sabah and Sarawak in East Malaysia have governors appointed by government; powers of state governments are limited by federal constitution; under terms of federation, Sabah and Sarawak retain certain constitutional prerogatives (e.g., right to maintain their own immigration controls)
Legal System [ 법적 체제 ]
Mixed legal system of English common law, Islamic law, and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Federal Court at request of supreme head of the federation
Source [ 자료출처 ]

CIA World Factbook

Related Books [ 연관 서적 ]