Country Profile


About India


BACKGROUND: India has a growing economy and a great diversity of languages, cultures and religions. Under Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) Hindu nationalist organization has seen a 20-percent increase in membership and an emboldened base aimed at further cementing India’s Hindu identity. India has the second largest population in the world, after China, with 1.2 billion people.

MAJOR RELIGIONS: About 80 percent of Indians are Hindu. India is also the birthplace of Buddhism and is home to the second largest Muslim population in the world, almost 170 million people.

PERSECUTOR: The main persecutors are Hindu extremist groups, local governments, and nationalist Hindus, who view converts as betraying the Hindu homeland.

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National Flag [ 국기 ]
인도 | India
Population [ 인구 ]
1,296,834,042 (July 2018 est.)
Ethnicity [ 인종 ]
  • Indo-Aryan
  • Dravidian
  • Mongoloid and other
Religion [ 종교 ]
  • Hindu
  • Muslim
  • Christian
  • Sikh
  • other and unspecified
Leader [ 지도자 ]

President Ram Nath KOVIND (since 25 July 2017)

Government Type [ 정부형태 ]

Federal parliamentary republic

Legal System [ 법적 체제 ]

Common law system based on the English model; separate personal law codes apply to Muslims, Christians, and Hindus; judicial review of legislative acts.

Source [ 자료출처 ]

CIA World Factbook

Related Books [ 연관 서적 ]