BACKGROUND: India has a growing economy and a great diversity of languages, cultures and religions. Under Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) Hindu nationalist organization has seen a 20-percent increase in membership and an emboldened base aimed at further cementing India’s Hindu identity. India has the second largest population in the world, after China, with 1.2 billion people.
MAJOR RELIGIONS: About 80 percent of Indians are Hindu. India is also the birthplace of Buddhism and is home to the second largest Muslim population in the world, almost 170 million people.
PERSECUTOR: The main persecutors are Hindu extremist groups, local governments, and nationalist Hindus, who view converts as betraying the Hindu homeland.